Document Type : Research Article
Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Kano-Nigeria
Department of Chemistry, Joseph Saawuan Tarkaa University, Makurdi, Benue, Nigeria
Through the use of theoretical techniques, this study investigated the corrosion inhibition potentials of a few chosen nitrogen-based five membered ring heterocycles, such as 2-methyl-1H-imidazole (2MI), 2-methyl-oxazole (2MO), 2,4,5-trimethyl-thizole (2TT), and 3-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrole (MPP), on the surface of mild steel. To determine the potentials of these compounds in corrosion inhibition and to suggest a mechanism for the process, quantum chemical parameters, Fukui indices, and quench molecular dynamic simulation approaches were used. The corrosion inhibition potentials of the examined compounds were discovered to be caused by the existence of numerous hetero atoms rich in n-electrons, pi-bonds, molecular shape, and charge distribution. The outcomes demonstrated that each molecule's adsorption or binding energy is negative and comparatively low, less than the +100kcal/mol threshold. It has also been discovered that, depending on the parameters examined, the 2TT molecule may be more efficient in preventing corrosion on the Fe(1 1 1) surface. This is owing to the sp3 sulfur heteroatom in its structure, which is probably less electronegative than other sp3 heteroatoms (oxygen and nitrogen) in the compounds, in addition to the sp2 nitrogen each of them contained. from the results, all of the investigated compounds have the capacity to prevent mild steel corrosion. The molecules adhere to the physical adsorption process, the mechanism, the expected adsorption/binding energies, and the molecule's examined properties all indicate that 2TT is substantially a stronger corrosion inhibitor on Fe(1 1 1), in the following order: 2TT >MDP > 2MI > 2MO.