Study of the Effect Operational Parameters on the Super critical Extraction Efficient Related to Sunflower Oil Seeds

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Chemical Engineering, Mahshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr, Iran


Super critical extraction is a new method for separation of efficient processes and effective method for extracting a necessary foundation of solid or liquid material are suitable purity. Seed sunflower seed oil is the second one year after soy which is cultivated for its oil on the world. In this article, sunflower seed oil is extracted by liquid carbon dioxide in super critical conditions. Effects of temperature, pressure and grain size in the rate of extraction efficiency were the change in particle size among other parameters extraction efficiency because they have a role and the smaller the size, the efficiency is higher. Results proves is that temperature changes and pressure changes in comparison with particle size in the process of extraction efficiency was less effect because of reduced grain size increased 75 percent extraction efficiency. While the temperature increase of 16 percent and increasing pressure about 5 percent increase in extraction efficiency was observed.


 [1] F.A. Macias, R. Lacret, R. Varela, C. Nogueiras, J.M.G. Molinillo, Isolation and Phytotoxicity of Terpenes from Tectona grandis, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2010) 396.
[2] F.A. Macias, N. Chinchilla, E. Arroyo, J.M.G. Molinillo, D. Marin, R. Varela, Combined strategy for phytotoxicity enhancement of benzoxazinones, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53 (2010) 2047.
[3] A. Bozorgian, Z. Arab Aboosadi, A. Mohammadi, B. Honarvar, and A. Azimi, Prediction of Gas Hydrate Formation in Industries. Progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research, 3 (2020) 31-38.
[4] M. Heidari Nezhad Janjanpour, M. Vakili, Sh. Daneshmehr, Kh. Jalalierad, and F. Alipour. Study of the ionization potential, electron affinity and HOMO-LUMO gaps in the smal fullerene nanostructures. Chemical Review and Letters, 1 (2018) 45-48.
[5] F.A. Macias, J.M.G. Molinillo, R. Varela, J.C.G. Galindo, Allelopathy: a natural alternative for weed control, Pest Management Science, 63 (2007) 327.
[6] F.A. Macias, D. Marin, A. Oliveros-Bastidas, A. Simonet, J.M.G. Molinillo, Ecological relevance of the degradation processes of allelochemicals, Allelopathy, (2007) 91–107.
[7] B. Raei, A. Ghadi, and A. R. Bozorgian, Heat Integration of heat exchangers network using pinch technology. In 19th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA. (2010).
[8] A. Bozorgian, Investigation and comparison of experimental data of ethylene dichloride adsorption by Bagasse with adsorption isotherm models. Chemical Review and Letters, 3 (2020) 79-85.
[9] L. Casas, C. Mantell, M. Rodríguez, A. Torres, F.A. Macías, E. Martínez de la Ossa, SFE kinetics of bioactive compounds from Helianthus Annuus L, Journal of Separation Science, 32 (2009) 1445.79.
[10] J. Mashhadizadeh, A. Bozorgian, and A. Azimi, Investigation of the kinetics of formation of Clatrit-like dual hydrates TBAC in the presence of CTAB.  Eurasian Chemical Communications, 2 (2020) 536-547.
[11] M. Perrut, J.Y. Clavier, M. Poletto, E. Reverchon, Mathematical model of sunflower seed extraction by supercritical CO. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 36 (1997) 430–435.
[12] I. Papamichail, V. Louli, K. Magoulas, Supercritical fluid extraction of celery seed oil, J. Supercrit. Fluids, 18 (2000) 213–226.
[13]  E. Reverchon, A. Kaziunas, C. Marrone, Supercritical CO2 extraction of hiprose seed oil: experiments and mathematical modelling, Chem. Eng. Sci., 55 (2000) 2195–2201.
[14] N. Farhami, and A. Bozorgian, Factors affecting selection of tubes of heat exchanger.In Int. Conf. on Chem. and Chem. Process IPCBEE, 10 (2011) 223-228.
[15] B.C. Roy, M. Goto, T. Hirose, Extraction of ginger oil with supercritical carbon dioxide: experiments and modeling, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 35 (1996) 607–612.
[16] A. Bozorgian and M. Ghazinezhad, A Case Study on Causes of Scale Formation-Induced Damage in Boiler Tubes. J. Biochem. Tech., 2 (2018) 139-153.
[17] M.N. Hassan, N.N.A. Rahman, M.H. Ibrahim, A.K.M. Omar, Simple fractionation through the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of palm kernel oil, Sep. Purif. Technol. 19 (2000) 113–120.
[18] U. Salgın, B.Z. Uysal, A. C¸ alımlı, Supercritical fluid extraction of jojoba oil, JAOCS 81 (2004) 293–296.
[19] B. Bozan, F. Temelli, Extraction of poppy seed oil using supercritical CO2, J. Food Sci. 68 (2003) 422–426.